history of alanya

History of Alanya

Alanya's history dates back to the 20th century BC. In the early ages, it was ruled by pirates, then by the Byzantine empire, Persians, and the Roman Empire, respectively. 
Later, the city was captured by the Anatolian Seljuks and named Alaiye, which means "the city of Alaeddin". During this period, it became an important city as a winter capital. In 1471, by the conquest of the Ottoman Empire, it was added to the Ottoman lands by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror. Then, Ataturk decided to change the name of the city to Alanya.

Historical Places to Visit in Alanya

Being an important city that has hosted so many nations, Alanya has many historical places. The historical monuments you should see if you are on a touristic holiday are mentioned below.
For more information about other places to visit in Alanya, please click the link https://www.bizimtransfer.com/en/blog/historical-places-of-alanya

Alanya Castle
Alanya Castle is a very beautiful historical monument that has become the symbol of Alanya. Especially if you are entering during the evening hours, with its lights, it offers a spectacular view as if you are floating in the air above Alanya. The castle of Alanya is built on a peninsula extending from the city center towards the sea and can be seen all over the city. Here, the restorated old houses and restaurants are combined with history and life.
The castle of Alanya was built by Alaaddin Keykubat and has a total length of 6.5 kilometers. The fortress consists of 140 bastions and 83 towers. The entrance fee is 15 TL and is free for museum card and Maximum card owners.
Inside the Alanya Castle there is a mosque, a church and a unique execution site called "Adam Atacagi" which means “man thrower” with quite an interesting story. According to the rumor, prisoners were thrown into the dungeon in Adam Atacagi, and if they could throw a stone to the sea from the site, they would be released. If not, they are executed at the site. It is told that none can throw a rock to the sea because of a magnetical field created by the cliff, but you are welcome to visit the Alanya Castle and try for yourself!
The Sulaymaniye mosque, which was built in the Ottoman period and located in Yukari Kale, has been restored and is still in function.

Traditional Alanya House

Entrance to the house is free. Inside, there are fireplaces, Turkish baths, a republician period ceiling, and closets we call "ize". Here we produce hand-woven silk shawls and belts. If your budget is enough, we recommend you to buy one.

Red Tower

Kizil Kule, which means “Crimson Tower”, another one of the symbols of the city, is located in Alanya pier street. Its construction was ordered by Alaattin Keykubat and the building was done by the building master Abu Ale Reha El Kettani of Aleppo. It was built in octagonal form and was made of red baked bricks, hence the name. The Red Tower was built to defend against sea attacks.
The lower part of the Red Tower serves as an ethnography museum. The entrance fee is 10 TL, but you can enter for free if you have a museum card. After entering here you will be fascinated by the beautiful view of the city and the sea of Alanya.


Seljuk is the first shipyard in the Mediterranean. Its Width is 56 meters and consists of 5 compartments. It is quite cloe to the The Red Tower and you can walk on foot. There is no entrance fee to the shipyard.
Apart from these, the places to visit in Alanya are Dim creek, Sapadere canyon, dim bull, dripstone cave.

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